Bitcoin is the world’s first cryptocurrency that has made a big revolution in the world with its birth. In 2008, Bitcoin was created by an anonymous person. Some believe that the inventor of this cryptocurrency is a person named Satoshi Nakamoto. These days, Bitcoin has been popularized as the king of cryptocurrencies.
Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer system, which means that transactions are done directly and without intermediaries between users. All users connected to the Bitcoin network are considered nodes. In the network, each node is connected to multiple nodes. To transfer funds, the sending node generates a transfer request and signs it with its private key. Then, this request is sent to all connected nodes.
Satoshi Nakamoto is the one who claims to be the creator of Bitcoin. Satoshi Nakamoto was born in Japan in 1975. Some believe that Satoshi could be a collection of individuals, companies, or organizations that created Bitcoin. About nine years after the birth of Bitcoin, Nakomoto’s identity has yet to be discovered.
Aside from discovering this secret, what is the significance of revealing Nakomoto’s identity? In 2008, Satoshi Nakamoto published an article about Bitcoin. He called Bitcoin a peer-to-peer electronic cash system.
At the time, bitcoin was just an idea on paper. In 2009, Nakomoto put the idea into practice and released the first cryptocurrency software. By 2011, Satoshi Nakamoto worked hard to upgrade his app. Eventually, his activities abruptly ceased. Why did Nakamoto hide himself? To answer this question, two theories have been proposed.
The first theory, known as “The Good Satoshi Theory”, states that Nakamoto intended to leave bitcoin alone. The second theory, known as “Bad Satoshi”, states that Nakomoto wanted to keep his identity secret as Bitcoin peaked in order to maintain his privacy and security in the future.
Bitcoin fans attribute various benefits to this system. One of the most important benefits is the use of blockchain to track financial transactions related to smart transactions and its automatic execution in special circumstances. Nevertheless, one of the main benefits that everyone agrees on is that Bitcoin is a decentralized currency that is independent of any financial institution or banking system.
Bitcoin payment and the transaction process is visible, but it cannot be stopped so This is quite different from conventional banking methods.
In conventional banking systems, it is possible to interfere in the transfer process and the account may be blocked due to regulations, tax collection, and money laundering.
Fiat is a currency designated by governments and central banks as legal tender. Although Fiat is government-sponsored, it has no valuable backing.
Unlike fiat, whose supply and value are unpredictable, Satoshi has developed a currency system in which the amount is fixed, pre-determined, and immutable.
Price fluctuations, cyber-attacks, transaction speed, and user anonymity are the main drawbacks of Bitcoin. In the following, we will look at each of them in detail.
Cyber-attack: Hackers and cyberattacks can use Bitcoin as a means of extortion and demand a ransom from the victim. Using Bitcoin makes tracking and arresting these people challenging. Tracing and arresting these people is fraught with challenges. One of the most important attacks to weaken Bitcoin is the zero-day attack. This attack takes full advantage of potential security vulnerabilities in the software.
Transactions speed: One of the major disadvantages of Bitcoin is the low speed of transactions and its time consuming so that each transaction lasts about 10 minutes.
Price fluctuations: Due to the emergence of the cryptocurrency market, external factors strongly affect the price fluctuations of currencies in the market, such as Bitcoin. These fluctuations have brought a lot of benefits and losses to cryptocurrency activists.
User anonymity: User anonymity can lead to the use of Bitcoin in illegal activities such as tax evasion, arms exports, gambling, and violations of control policies; as mentioned earlier, although this system is more transparent than traditional currencies, many cases of illegal use have been reported in recent years Still in development: Bitcoin software has flaws that are being fixed.
New tools, features, and services are being developed to make Bitcoin safer and more accessible to the public. However, some of these developments are still untested and not accessible to everyone. In addition, most startups are new in this field and there is no guarantee to use them.
Bitcoin’s popularity has increased since its inception, and it seems that continuing this path is the most likely option. If we look at the price trend of Bitcoin in recent years, it turns out that it has remained within a certain range of fluctuations.
According to some cryptocurrency experts, Bitcoin is still new, so the price of Bitcoin should fluctuate. In fact, predicting Bitcoin prices over the next 5, 10, or 50 years is not an easy task. This uncertainty makes Bitcoin tracking very exciting. Bitcoin is a phenomenon for which one can imagine the strangest dreams. Dreams for which there is no guarantee of realization.
Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer electronic currency; a digital currency that can be transferred between individuals and computers without intermediaries and its creation and dissemination is not under the control of any particular person. Over the past few years, Bitcoin has become a popular and accepted virtual currency in the market.
Satoshi’s invention has greatly helped millions of people who do not have access to banking services. Now, getting Bitcoin using the internet and mobile phones can be easy from anywhere in the world.
Bitcoin has changed the rules of transferring money around the world and has the potential to improve other aspects of social issues. It has created a global marketplace for products and services and can open the door to fair competition.Despite these advantages, Bitcoin also has drawbacks. Price fluctuations, cyber-attacks, transaction speeds and user anonymity are the main drawbacks of this popular cryptocurrency.